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STATE SPACE CORPORATION “ROSCOSMOS”
is a public organization established in August 2015 for a comprehensive reform of the Russian space industry.
The state corporation "Roscosmos" ensures the implementation of the Russian goverments state policy in the field of space activities and its legal regulation, as well as places orders to develop, manufacture and supply space equipment and space infrastructure objects. Roscosmos is planned to operate more than 20 remote sensing satellites in orbit by 2025.
Under the leadership of Roscosmos a common geographically distributed information system of Earth remote sensing is created. The system has already been operating 5 centers of reception and processing of remote sensing data (Moscow, Kaliningrad, Murmansk, Samara and Zheleznogorsk).
Roscosmos also has the Operator of the Russian remote sensing systems. It is a Research Center for Earth Operative Monitoring of JSC “Russian Space Systems” which provides a complete technological cycle of planning, acquisition, recording, processing, archiving, storage, and data product generation as well as delivering data from the Russian and foreign remote sensing satellites to customers.
Roscosmos Geoportal provides operative remote access to the satellite data for all users.
Roscosmos together with the Ministry of Defence of the Russian Federation is implementing the federal project of Global positioning system – GLONASS.
In addition, a new spaceport – ”Vostochniy” – will be constructed and operated by Roscosmos.
The state space corporation is also responsible for development of international cooperation in the space sector and creation of conditions for use of the results of space activities in the socio-economic development of Russia.
THE FEDERAL SERVICE FOR HYDROMETEOROLOGY AND ENVIRONMENTAL MONITORING (ROSHYDROMET)
is a federal executive body providing services in hydrometeorology and related fields, as well as environmental monitoring. Roshydromet acts as a governmental supervisor of activities in modification of meteorological and other geophysical processes.
Roshydromet also ensures the implementation of the international obligations undertaken by the Russian Federation, including the Convention of the WMO, the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change and etc.
The state observation network of Roshydromet implements more than 30 observational programs and includes about 10 000 observational points, which carries out regular meteorological, aerological, hydrological, marine hydrometeorological, agro-meteorological, geophysical and heliogeophysical observations, as well as environmental monitoring.
Remote sensing data is also of great importance for Roshydromet activities starting from the launch of the first Russian meteorological satellite in 1966. For more than 50 years Roshydromet in cooperation with Roscosmos ensures the implementation of development of the national satellite Earth observation system. The Roshydromet ground segment consists of three federal satellite centers: European, Siberian and Far-Eastern. This system is the largest in the Russian Federation and one of the largest in the world in terms of amount of satellite data received, the number of satellite-based products issued, and the number of users supported. The system is also the largest in the world in terms of total Earth’s coverage (1/5 of the Earth’s surface).