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Weather: Strategic Target

Before 2015, GEO aims to:

Close critical gaps in meteorological and related ocean observations, and enhance observational and information capabilities for the protection of life and property, especially with regard to high-impact events, and in the developing world.

This will be achieved through:

The programmes and activities of the World Meteorological Organization (WMO), and building on enhanced observational capabilities, which will:

  • monitor the performance and impact of global meteorological and related ocean observing systems, and facilitate the closure of critical gaps in observations and capabilities, utilizing a mix of space-based and in-situ observing systems as appropriate;
  • make progress towards implementing the Vision for the Global Observing System 2025;
  • encourage the design and implementation of optimal observational networks to better meet the needs of users for observational data;
  • promote the improvement of data assimilation, modeling systems, and verification and assessment techniques;
  • advance the use of observations in forecasting and warning services globally, advocate for research and development in key areas and encourage the rapid transfer of related research outcomes into operational use, especially in developing countries;
  • encourage more direct, two-way interactions between users, managers of observing systems and providers of forecasts, building on enhanced observational capabilities, to improve the forecast process;
  • provide integrated data collection and automated dissemination of observational data and products, as well as data discovery, access and retrieval services.

This will be demonstrated by:

  • Identification and addressing of critical gaps in observational networks that reflect, in particular, the needs of developing countries, the need for continuity in space-based and in-situ observations, and the potential benefits of an interactive observing system to support user needs.
  • Improvements in the range and quality of services for high impact weather forecasting due to the design, future development, and operation of global observing, data assimilation, numerical modelling, and user application techniques.
  • More accurate, reliable and relevant weather analyses, forecasts, advisories and warnings of severe and other high impact hydrometeorological events enabled by enhanced observational capabilities.

Related documents and links