Earthquakes, tsunamis, wild fires, floods, hurricanes and volcanoes – the list of disasters that can kill and injure people and destroy property is a lengthy one. When disaster strikes, rapid access to data on land and ocean conditions, maps of transport links and hospitals, weather forecasts, and information on socio-economic variables can save uncounted lives.
The Global Earth Observation System of Systems is integrate Earth observations with other information to help planners reduce vulnerability, strengthen preparedness and early-warning measures and, after disaster strikes, rebuild housing and infrastructure in ways that limit future risks. GEOSS is also helping to reduce risk over the long term by providing a better understanding of the relationship between natural disasters and climate change. Climate forecasts must become an integral part of sustainable development planning and of strategies for adaptation and risk management.
By making it possible to integrate different types of disaster-related data and information from diverse sources, GEOSS aims to strengthen analysis and decision making for disaster response and risk reduction. The GEO Secretariat Expert responsible for Disasters is Francesco Gaetani.