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Climate: Strategic Target

Before 2015, GEO aims to:

Achieve effective and sustained operation of the global climate observing system and reliable delivery of climate information of a quality needed for predicting, mitigating and adapting to climate variability and change, including for better understanding of the global carbon cycle.

This will be achieved through:

The full implementation of the WMO-IOC-UNEP-ICSU Global Climate Observing System (GCOS) as the climate observing component of GEOSS, and especially through strong support for the climate-relevant functions and activities of:

  • the IOC-WMO-UNEP-ICSU Global Ocean Observing System (GOOS);
  • the FAO-WMO-UNESCO-UNEP-ICSU Global Terrestrial Observing System (GTOS);
  • the WMO Global Observing System (GOS) and Global Atmosphere Watch (GAW);
  • the research observing systems and observing systems research of the WMO-IOC-ICSU World Climate Research Programme (WCRP) and other climate-relevant international programs;
  • CEOS, as coordinator of the satellite components of GCOS;

and their enhancement and supplementation as necessary, including closure of critical gaps, to ensure the availability of all the climate and climate-related observations needed to support GEOSS;

  • promotion of data sharing as well as coordination of data management and exchange systems;
  • contributions to major advances in the monitoring and prediction of climate on seasonal, interannual and decadal time scales, including the occurrence of extreme events;
  • strengthened GCOS support for the assessment role of the IPCC and the policy development role of the UNFCCC;
  • enhanced efforts for data rescue and digitization.

This will be demonstrated by:

  • Improved scientific understanding, modelling and prediction of climate.
  • Accessibility of all the observational data needed for climate monitoring and services in support of adaptation to climate variability and change.
  • Development and facilitation of a comprehensive (atmosphere, ocean, land) global carbon observation and analysis system in support of monitoring based decision-making and related environmental treaty obligations.
  • Availability of all Essential Climate Variables needed by the WCRP, the IPCC and the UNFCCC.

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