Biological diversity encompasses all of the Earth’s plants, animals and micro-organisms; the genetic variation within each species; and the diverse ecosystems in which living things –
including human beings – form communities and interact with one another and with the air, water, and soil around them.
The conservation and sustainable use of the world’s biological resources is central to promoting sustainable development. The Global Earth Observation System of Systems supports these goals by improving the quality and quantity of biodiversity information and analysis.
GEOSS is linking together the world’s many stand-alone biodiversity monitoring systems and connecting them to other Earth observation networks that generate relevant data, such as climate and pollution indicators.
It also helps to fill in gaps in taxonomic and biological information, generate updated assessments of global biodiversity trends, track the spread and retreat of invasive alien species, and monitor how biodiversity responds to climate change.
Biodiversity Observation Network
The Group on Earth Observations Biodiversity Observation Network – GEO BON – coordinates activities relating to the Societal Benefit Area (SBA) on Biodiversity of the Global Earth Observation System of Systems (GEOSS). Some 100 governmental, inter-governmental and non-governmental organizations are collaborating through GEO BON to organize and improve terrestrial, freshwater and marine biodiversity observations globally and make their biodiversity data, information and forecasts more readily accessible to policymakers, managers, experts and other users. Moreover, GEO BON has been recognized by the Parties to the Convention on Biological Diversity. More information can be found on the GEO BON web pages.
The GEO Secretariat Expert responsible for Biodiversity is Georgios Sarantakos.