GEOGLAM is the Group on Earth Observations Global Agricultural Monitoring Initiative. It was initially launched by the Group of Twenty (G20) Agriculture Ministers in June 2011, in Paris. The G20 Ministerial Declaration states that GEOGLAM "will strengthen global agricultural monitoring by improving the use of remote sensing tools for crop production projections and weather forecasting". By providing coordinated Earth observations from satellites and integrating them with ground-based and other in-situ measurements, the initiative will contribute to generating reliable, accurate, timely and sustained crop monitoring information and yield forecasts.
The main objective of GEOGLAM is to reinforce the international community's capacity to produce and disseminate relevant, timely and accurate forecasts of agricultural production at national, regional, and global scales by using Earth Observation data. This will be achieved by:
- enhancing national agricultural reporting systems, including through a geo-spatial education curriculum established to enable training of participants worldwide,
- establishing a sustained international network of agricultural monitoring and research organizations and practitioners; and,
- harmonizing the operational global agricultural monitoring systems based on both satellite and in situ observations, including through improved coordination of satellite observations.
GEOGLAM is a collaborative initiative with an inherently synthetic focus. It draws on the expert knowledge and experience of international agriculture experts from around the world, who focus on food production and food security and national, regional, and global scales. These different scales and themes of monitoring are reflected in the structure of GEOGLAM, which consists of 3 core components and 3 cross-cutting components carried out through a variety of projects around the world:
The GEOGLAM initiative forms part of the G20 Action Plan on Food Price Volatility, which also includes the Agricultural Market Information System (AMIS), another initiative with a Secretariat of ten international and inter-governmental organizations and hosted by the UN Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO).
The GEOGLAM initiative is being implemented in a phased manner, as endorsed by the GEO Executive Committee in July 2013.
Phase 1 (P1): Spans over the 2012-2014 time frame, focus on foundation activities, building on existing activities and on pilot projects for a few countries, and scoping out the programme for the following phases.
Phase 2 (P2): Will review and expand P1 activities with new starts and will be carried out during the 2014-2016 period.
Phase 3 (P3): Will be the last building pre-operational Phase with the completion of P1/P2 projects and geographical expansion, going from 2015 to 2017 when the Operational Phase starts.
Phase 4 (P4): The operational phase; starts at the end of 2017.
Further information can be found in the “Implementation Plan” in the Documents page.