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GEO 2017-2019 Work Program

 

GEOSS In-Situ Earth Observation Resources

Activity ID: 134

Overview

This task will analyze the current state, trends, needs, and assess gaps (geographical coverage, temporal and spatial resolution, etc.) for in-situ observing systems and networks, as they constitute a key element of GEO/GEOSS. The task will put particular focus on coordination and access to data and will provide various coordination opportunities in order to sustain and strengthen existing and planned ones, to advocate for new systems, and to encourage integration and linkages to meet user requirements which will be strongly linked with the GEO User Needs and Gaps Foundational Task and build on other on-going requirements processes outside of GEO.

Objectives

The main objectives of this activity are therefore to:

  • Review the on-going in-situ observations, with its locations, thematic coverage and showcases, to identify the opportunities and risks;
  • Provide a common framework of reporting to GEO on the status, gaps, opportunities, and risks for sustaining in situ observations in GEOSS, so that these can be managed;
  • Document and Analyze the user requirements and contribute to identifying gaps of current in-situ observing systems such as sensor networks, air-borne and field monitoring;
  • Identify strategies to foster and facilitate the data and information access from all in-situ observation networks in the task and integration with Space based observations; and
  • Contribute to support and strengthen the improvement and coordination of individual existing and planned in-situ observing systems characterizing the Earth system domains (Atmospheric, Oceanic, Terrestrial).
  • Analyze the current and expected science and technology to fill the observational gaps, and to help propose future strategies of cross-domain, cross-disciplinary and cross-platform observations (such as seeking cross-domain Essential Variables). The regional scale would be considered as the reference to start.

Activities for the period

The activities are organized by an overarching coordination team in tracking and reviewing states and functions of existing, planning and emerging in-situ observing systems, analyzing user needs, identifying gaps and seeking opportunities for filling the gaps. The team will also foster and identify ways to facilitate data and information access from in-situ observation systems identified by this task as well as integration with Space based observation systems.

In parallel, following three domain subtasks are organized in order to support and strengthen the improvement and coordination of existing and planned in-situ observing systems:

  • Subtask A: Atmosphere
  • Subtask B: Ocean
  • Subtask C: Terrestrial (including freshwater and coastal systems)
    • C.1 - Freshwater observations including water quality
    • C.2 - Biodiversity and ecosystems
    • C.3 - Land cover change and use

Coordination team

Participants: ENEON, GGOS, EEA, iBEC, USA, UK, ILTER, Representatives of Components A, B, C and the GEO Secretariat.

  • Create a common report on the status, gaps, opportunities, and risks to sustained in-situ observations in GEOSS;
  • Interact with the SBA User needs Process in order to coordinate identifying and seek opportunities in filling the gaps;
  • Improve coordination and facilitate access to in-situ data and information resources; and
  • Coordinate increased interoperability among in-situ datasets, between space and in situ datasets, domain specific systems (e.g., Global Geodetic Observing System (GGOS) and new in situ data flows from private sector and the public.

Subtask A: Atmosphere

Participants: WMO/GAW.

  • Report the current coordination activities including current state, trends, needs, assess gaps and new scenarios under existing framework based on the activities of the WMO GAW (Global Atmospheric Watch) and related or other Regional Alliances and projects;
  • Support and strengthen the improvement and coordination of individual existing and planned in-situ observing systems; and
  • Ensure access to the data and information derived from the in-situ observing systems through the GCI.

Subtask B: Ocean

Participants: GOOS, GEO-BON/MBON, Blue Planet and POGO.

  • Report the current coordination activities including current state, trends, needs, assess gaps and new scenarios under existing framework based on the activities of the Global Ocean Observing System (GOOS), its Regional Alliances and projects, the activities of GEO BON / MBON; in close cooperation with the GEO Blue Planet Initiative requirements; considering complementarity to, and integration with, satellite observations, and with sensitivity to a regional perspective and coastal observations. Include sea ice;
  • Support and strengthen the improvement and coordination of individual existing and planned in-situ observing systems; and
  • Ensure access to the data and information derived from the in-situ observing systems through the GCI.

Subtask C: Terrestrial (including freshwater and coastal systems)

Note that terminology on this domain will be discussed in the task.

  • Report the current coordination activities including current state, functions, trends in observations and their science and technology, user needs, assess observational and technical gaps and new future plans under existing framework based on the activities;
  • Support and strengthen the improvement and coordination of individual existing and planned observation systems and networks; foster a consistent documentation of in-situ observation sites (services and metadata); foster the linkage between in-situ and space based observations by utilizing research site networks; seek engagement of citizen science for biodiversity/ecosystem monitoring; consider the observation of socio-ecological system and evaluation of ecosystem services; and
  • Ensure access to the data and information derived from the database, on-going observations and socio-ecological knowledge through the GCI.

I. Freshwater: WMO, GEO Initiatives related to water including GEOGLows, AquaWatch.
II. Biodiversity and ecosystems: ILTER (International Long-Term Ecological Research network), GEO-BON, ICOS.

  1. Reporting on experiences in in-situ observation site documentation in DEIMS and comparative examination of requirements/applicability in GEO and ILTER.
  2. Towards an integrated observation approach of biotic and abiotic system components: Attempt to integrate the concepts of Ecological Integrity and Essential Biodiversity Variables as a reference for ecosystem observation.
  3. Review and suggest research and development fostering linkage between in-situ and satellite observations on ecosystem structure and functions, and evaluation of their services. “Super-site” concept may be considered.

III. Land cover change and use: ILTER, Land Cover Community Activity.

Future Plans

To be developed as the project takes hold.

Resources

GEO Trust Fund (Secretariat Staff)

In kind resources (leads and contributors)

Lead

See different subtasks

Contributors

(provisional list)

EC/Spain-CREAF

Joan Maso

joan.maso@uab.es

ENEON

IEEE

Hans-Peter Plag

hpplag@odu.edu

ENEON

Spain/CREAF

Ivette Serral

ivette@creaf.uab.es

ENEON

EEA

Henrik Andersen

Henrik.Andersen@eea.europa.eu

Copernicus

EEA

Chris Steenmans

Chris.Steenmans@eea.europa.eu

Copernicus

GCOS

Simon Eggleston

seggleston@wmo.int

GCOS

NASA/JPL

Richard Gross

Richard.gross@jpl.nasa.gov

GGOS

WMO

Lars-Peter Riishojgaard

lriishojgaard@wmo.int

WIGOS

AUTh

George Zalidis

zalidis@i-bec.org

i-Bec

UNESCO IOC

Albert Fisher

a.fischer@unesco.org

GOOS

Germany

Christoph Haeuser

Christoph.Haeuser@mfn-berlin.de

EU BON

USA

Gary Foley

Foley.Gary@epa.gov

Air Quality

UK

Stuart Marsh

Stuart.Marsh@nottingham.ac.uk

Geology

France/Finland

Paolo Raj

plaj@lgge.obs.ujf-grenoble.fr

GAW/European ENVRI

ILTER

Michael Mirtl

michael.mirtl@umweltbundesamt.at

ILTER

Japan

Hiroyuki Muraoka

muraoka@green.gifu-u.ac.jp

ILTER/ILTER-EAP/JaLTER

Slovenia

Silvo Zelvir

silvo.zlebir@gov.si

Slovenia

Secretariat Support

The Secretariat provides general support to the Task Team and specific support for subtask A.

Osamu Ochiai (GEO Secretariat) - oochiai@geosec.org

Associated task - Radio Frequency Coordination for In Situ observing networks

Identify and coordinate the necessary actions for the protection of the radiofrequecy bands necessary to ensure proper operation of EO instruments.

Participants:

Lead

  • Jose Arimatea de Sousa Brito (WMO), josearimateabrito@gmail.com

Contributors

  • David Thomas (WMO), Dthomas@wmo.int
  • Edoardo Marelli (ESA), Edoardo.Marelli@esa.int
  • Philippe Tristant (EUMETNET), philippe.tristant@eumetnet.eu
  • Osamu Ochiai (GEO Secretariat), Oochiai@geosec.org

Leads/Contributors (this list is being populated)

RoleNameMember/POImplementing EntityEmail
ContributorHans-Peter PlagIEEEIEEEhpplag@mari-odu.org
 

Contact

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phone: +41 22 730 8505

fax: +41 22 730 8520

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GEO Secretariat
7 bis, avenue de la Paix
Case postale 2300
CH-1211 Geneva 2
Switzerland

e-mail: secretariat@geosec.org
phone: +41 22 730 8505
fax: +41 22 730 8520